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Making Sense of Information
Invisible College
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Government Publications


Information Cycle


Daily publications containing accounts of the day's events and other features. Most newspapers are typically published for a single city or town (The Wenatchee World), while papers from the largest cities (The New York Times) have a more global readership, and others target a specialized audience (Wall Street Journal).


  • Local perspectives on a story
  • Primary source for events
  • Good for local news stories too small to be published elsewhere


  • Large city papers may publish separate city and national editions with different content
  • Articles written with newest developments first and background information later (pyramid style.)
  • Back issues of most papers, when available, are normally only on microfilm or in Web archives
  • Web versions usually differ from print versions
  • Target audience: General public, usually in a specific city or region
  • May require validation of data, especially with Internet sources
  • Assumes a fairly high level of familiarity with an issue or topic
  • Usually not good for gathering background information, but great for gathering clues and easily-overlooked insights
  • Target audience: Any group sharing a common interest -- you may need to look up some terms
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