Scholarly Communication 

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  • Overview
  • Author right's tools
  • Open access
  • Repositories and repository resources
  • Legislation
  • Overview

    Scholarly communications is the creation, dissemination, and preservation of knowledge related to research and scholarly endeavors.  Many academics and librarians consider scholarly communication to be in a state of crisis, largely due to escalating prices for journal publications (851% for U.S. periodicals between 1984 and 2009, according to the Bowker Annual).  One important response to these problems is the movement to provide unrestricted access to research articles through open access journals (e.g., see DOAJ http://www.doaj.org/), disciplinary repositories such as PubMed Central, or local Institutional Repositories.  Other responses include the Association of College and Research Libraries Scholarly Communication initiative, with goals of creating increased access to scholarly information; fostering cost-effective alternative means of publishing, especially those that take advantage of electronic information technologies; and encouraging scholars to assert greater control over scholarly communications.

    The purpose of these web pages is to inform faculty and other interested parties about issues in the scholarly communication system.  As a part of this we are especially interested in informing faculty scholars of their opportunities as authors, and are providing links to information on author rights and open access publishing.  It is hoped that faculty, librarians, and universities around the country and the world will work together to effect change that will result in a more sustainable model of scholarly communications.

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  • Author's rights tools

    SPARC is the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition formed by the Associaltion of Research Libraries.  This organization is working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system.  SPARC maintains a resource page for authors that provides information on scholarly communication, copyright, and various campus and regional initiatives to aid authors in understanding their rights.

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  • Open Access

    SPARC is the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, formed by the Associaltion of Research Libraries.  This organization is working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system.  SPARC maintains a resource page on open access that provides some readings, brochures and directories along with information on discussion forums and related organizations.

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  • Repositories and repository resources

    Repositories collect, preserve, and provide free, unrestricted online access to all types of institutional or disciplinary research outputs.
    More information:
    http://www.arl.org/sparc/repositories/

    Repository locations:
    http://maps.repository66.org/

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  • Legislation

    Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2007 (H.R. 2764), which includes a provision directing the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to provide the public with free open online access to findings from its funded research.
    More information:
    http://www.taxpayeraccess.org/issues/nih/index.shtml

    Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA)
    Proposed: June, 2009
    The bill would require federal agencies that fund over $100 million in annual external research to make electronic manuscripts of peer-reviewed journal articles stemming from their research publicly available via the Internet within six months of publication.
    More information:
    http://www.arl.org/sparc/advocacy/frpaa/frpaafaq.shtml

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