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Library terminology in Korean

A

Abstract
초록 A summary or brief description of the content of another longer work.
Archives
문서 A space which houses historical or public records or the historical or public records themselves.
Article
기사 A brief work on a topic that is usually published as part of a journal, magazine, or newspaper.
Attachment
첨부 (첨부파일) A separate file sent with an email message.
Authentication
인증 A security process that typically employs usernames and passwords to validate the identity of users before allowing them access to certain information.
Author
저자 The person(s) or organization(s) that wrote or compiled a document.

B

Bibliography
참고문헌 A list containing citations to the resources used in writing a research paper or other document.
Book
책 A relatively lengthy work, often on a single topic.
Boolean operator
불리안 연산자 A word--such as AND, OR, or NOT--that commands a computer to combine search terms. Helps to narrow (AND, NOT) or broaden (OR) searches.
Browser
브라우저 A software program that enables users to access Internet resources.

C

Call number
청구기호 A group of letters and/or numbers that identifies a specific item in a library and provides a way for organizing library holdings.
Catalog
도서목록 A database (either online or on paper cards) listing and describing the books, journals, government documents, audiovisual and other materials held by a library.
CD
콤팩트 디스크 An abbreviation for compact disc; it is used for storing digital information.
Check-out
대출 To borrow an item from a library for a fixed period of time in order to read, listen to, or view it.
Circulation
대출대 The place in the library, often a desk, where you check out, renew, and return library materials.  You may also place a hold, report an item missing from the   shelves, or pay late fees or fines there.
Citation
인용문헌 A reference to a book, magazine or journal article, or other work containing all the information necessary to identify and locate that work.
Controlled vocabulary
참고문헌 통제어휘집 Standardized terms used in searching a specific database.
Copy card
복사카드 A card that enables its user to print from a computer, or to make copies of a document at a photocopy machine.
Course reserve
지정도서 A selection of books, articles, videotapes, or other materials that instructors want students to read or view for a particular course. Print reserve materials are usually kept in one area of the library and circulate for only a short period of time.

D

Database
데이터베이스 A collection of information stored in an electronic format that can be searched by a computer.
Descriptor
디스크립터 A word that describes the subject of an article or book; used in many computer databases.
Dissertation
학위논문 An extended written treatment of a subject (like a book) submitted by a graduate student as a requirement for a doctorate.
Document delivery
상호대출 (문서배달) A service that retrieves or photocopies information sources for library users.
Download
내려받기 1. To transfer information from a computer to a program or storage device to be viewed at a later date. 2. To transfer information from one computer to another computer using a modem.

E

Ebook or electronic book
전자도서e An electronic version of a book that can be read on a computer.
Editor
편집자 A person or group responsible for compiling the writings of others into a single information source.
E-reserve or electronic reserve
E-지정도서 An electronic version of a course reserve that is read on a computer screen.
Encyclopedia
백과사전 A work containing information on all branches of knowledge or treating comprehensively a particular branch of knowledge (such as history or chemistry).

F

Full-text
전문 A complete electronic copy of a resource, usually an article, viewed on a computer display screen.  The term "full-text" is often used to refer to the electronic version of an article or book that is also published in print.

H

Hold
대출중 도서 예약 A request by a user to a library that a book checked out to another person be saved for that user when it is returned.
Holdings
소장자료 The materials owned by a library.
Hyperlink
하이퍼링크 An image or a portion of text which a Web user can click to jump to another document or page.

I

Icon
아이콘 A small symbol on a computer screen that represents a computer operation or data file.
Index
색인 1. A list of names or topics--usually found at the end of a publication--that directs you to the pages where those names or topics are discussed within the publication.  2. A printed or electronic publication that provides references to periodical articles or booksby their subject, author, or other search terms.
Interlibrary services/loan
상호대차업무 A service that allows you to borrow materials from other libraries through your loan services own library.  See also: Document delivery.
Internet
인터넷 A worldwide network of computer networks that allows for the transmission and exchange of files.

J

Journal
연속 간행 학술지 A publication, issued on a regular basis, which contains scholarly research published as articles, papers, research reports, or technical reports. See also: Periodical
Journal title
저널명 The name of a journal.

K

Keyword
키워드 A significant or memorable word or term in the title, abstract, or text of an information resource that indicates its subject and is often used as a search term.

L

Limits/limiters
제한자 Options used in searching that restrict your results to only information resources meeting certain other, non-subject-related, criteria. Limiting options vary by database, but common options include limiting results to materials available full-text in the database, to scholarly publications, to materials written in a particular language, to materials available in a particular location, or to materials published at a specific time.
Link
하이퍼링크 See: Hyperlink

M

Magazine
잡지 A publication, issued on a regular basis, containing popular articles, written and illustrated in a less technical manner than the articles found in a journal.
Multimedia
멀티미디어 Any information resource that presents information using more than one media (print, picture, audio, or video).

N

Newspaper
신문 A publication containing information about varied topics that are pertinent to general information, a geographic area, or a specific subject matter (i.e. business, culture, education). Often published daily.

P

PDF
PDF A file format developed by Adobe Acrobat® that allows files to be transmitted from one computer to another while retaining their original appearance both on-screen and when printed. An acronym for Portable Document Format.
Peer-reviewed
논문 심사 학술지 Peer review is a process by which editors have experts in a field review books or journal articles submitted for publication by the experts' peers. Peer review helps to ensure the quality of an information source by publishing only works of proven validity,   methodology, and quality. Peer-reviewed journals are also called refereed or scholarly journals.
Periodical
정기간행물 An information source published in multiple parts at regular intervals (daily, weekly, monthly, biannually). Journals, magazines, and newspapers are all periodicals. See also: Serial
Primary source
일차자료 An original record of events, such as a diary, a newspaper article, a public record, or scientific documentation.
Print
인쇄 The written symbols of a language as portrayed on paper. Information sources may be either print or electronic.
Proxy server
프럭시서버 An Internet server that acts as a "go-between" for a computer on a local network (secure system) and the open Web. Often checks to determine "right of access" to the secure environment and speeds up requests by caching frequently accessed Web pages.

R

Refereed journal
논문 심사 학술지 See: Peer reviewed
Reference
(참고자료) 정보지원 1. A service that helps people find needed information. 2. Sometimes "reference" refers to reference collections, such as encyclopedias, indexes, handbooks, directories, etc. 3. A citation to a work is also known as a reference.
Remote access
원격접속 The ability to log onto (or access) networked computer resources from a distant location. Remote access makes available library databases to students researching from home, office, or other locations outside the library.
Renewal
대출연장 A lengthening of the loan period for library materials.
Reserve
지정도서  1. A service providing special, often short-term, access to course-related materials (book or article readings, lecture notes, sample tests) or to other materials (CD- ROMs, audio-visual materials, current newspapers or magazines). 2. Also the physical location--often a service desk or room--within a library where materials on reserve are kept. Materials can also be made available electronically. See also: Course reserveElectronic reserve

S

Scholarly
검색어 See: Peer reviewed
Search statement
검색어 Words entered into the search box of a database or search engine or search query when looking for information. Words relating to an information source's author, editor, title, subject heading or keyword serve as search terms. Search terms can be combined by using Boolean operators and can also be used with limits/limiters.
Secondary sources
이차자료 Materials such as books and journal articles that analyze primary sources. Secondary sources usually provide evaluation or interpretation of data or evidence found in original research or documents such as historical manuscripts or memoirs.
Serial
정기간행물 Publications such as journals, magazines and newspapers that are generally published multiple times per year, month, or week. Serials usually have number volumes and issues. The words journal, magazine, periodical, and serial may be used interchangeably.
Software
소프트웨어 The programs installed on and used by the components of a computer system (or, hardware).
Stacks
서고 Shelves in the library where materials--typically books--are stored. Books in the stacks are normally arranged by call number. May be referred to as "book stacks."
Style manual
논문기고형식 An information source providing guidelines for people who are writing research papers. A style manual outlines specific formats for arranging research papers and citing the sources that are used in writing the paper.
Subject heading
주제어/주제명 Descriptions of an information source's content assigned to make finding information easier. See also: Controlled vocabulary, Descriptor

T

Thumb drive
썸 드라이브 A small portable device for storing computerized information. A thumb drive can plug into the USB (Universal Serial Bus) port of any computer and store electronic information.
Title
서명 The name of a book, article, or other information source.

U

Upload
올려주기 (파일 보내기) (업로드) To transfer information from a computer system or a personal computer to another computer system or a larger computer system.
Uniform Resource
Locator
인터넷주소 The unique address for a Web page which is used in citing it. A Uniform Resource Locater (URL) consists of the access protocol (http), the domain name (www.nmsu.edu), and often the path to a file or resource residing on that server.
User ID
이용자 아이디 A number or name unique to a particular user of computerized resources. A user ID must often be entered in order to access library resources remotely.

W

Wireless
무선 (무선네트웍) The name given to any electronic device that sends messages through space via electric or electromagnetic waves instead of via power cords.
World Wide Web
월드 와이드 웹 A network of information, as a part of the Internet, that includes text, graphics, sounds, and moving images. Also know as the Web or WWW or W3. It incorporates a variety of Internet tools into one method of access, such as the Web browser Internet Explorer, Safari, or Firefox.

Z

Zip drive/zip disk
집드라이브/ 집디스크 Devices used in the creation of compressed (or "zipped") electronic information.

This resource was made possible by the work of the ACRL, a division of the ALA.