Style Guide D-L
Style GuideD | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L
Hint: Use [Ctrl] + [F] to quickly find a word or phrase within this page.
dancesThese examples are all lowercase: cha-cha, waltz, polka, tango, fox-trot, salsa, two-step, lancers, cotillion, bergomask.
dashesEm dashes (-) are used to set off ideas. En dashes (-) are used to separate dates, times, months, years, etc.Use one space on either side of the em dash.
datesAlways use numerals. Separate ranges of dates with an en dash: Monday-Friday, September 9-October 2.
deanDo not capitalize unless used as a title preceding a person's name.
decadesWhen including the century: 1890s (no apostrophe); when abbreviated: '90s.
Degrees-at-Work Etiquette DinnerAnnual event sponsored by Career Services. Students are invited to a formal dining situation with tables hosted by alumni to learn proper etiquette for dining and other professional situations to help them on the job. A certified professional in etiquette also speaks.
degrees conferred by GFU
Example: Jane Doe received a bachelor of arts in economics from George Fox University.
BA/bachelor of arts/bachelor's [degree]
BS/bachelor of science/bachelor's [degree]
George Fox University Undergraduate Degrees (do not capitalize unless name includes a proper noun)
allied health (BS)
applied science (engineering 3/2 dual degree program; BS)
art, with concentrations in fashion design, graphic design, interior design, studio arts (BA)
athletic training (BSAT)
biblical studies (BA)
biology (BS), with concentrations in cell and molecular biology, ecology and field biology, general biology and systems and structural biology
Christian ministries, with concentrations in church recreation, educational ministry, missions, youth ministry (BA)
cinema and media communication, with concentrations in production, audio production, multimedia/animation, journalism, film studies (BA)
cognitive science (BS)
communication arts (BA)
computer science (BS)
elementary education (BS)
engineering, with concentrations in electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, computer engineering (BS)
global business (BA)
health and human performance, with concentrations in fitness management, health preteaching, physical education preteaching (BS)
information systems (BS)
interdisciplinary studies (BA or BS)
international studies (BA)
music, with concentrations in performance, preteaching, composition, general (BA)
music education (BA)
organizational communication (BA)
psychology (BS or BA)
social work (BS)
sociology, with concentrations in community and families, global and cultural studies, social justice and inequality (BA)
Degree Completion Undergraduate Degrees
elementary education degree completion (BS)
health administration (BA)
management and organizational leadership (BA)
technology management (BS)
project management (BS)
social and behavioral studies (BA)
Master of Business Administration (full time)
Master of Business Administration (part time)
Master of Arts in Clinical Mental Health Counseling
Master of Arts in School Counseling
Education Specialist in School Psychology
Master of Arts in Marriage, Couple and Family Counseling: Certificate In Marriage, Couple and Family Counseling
Doctor of Psychology
Master of Arts in Teaching (Full-time/Night/In Your Community Program)
Master of Education
Doctor of Education
Doctor of Business Administration
George Fox Evangelical Seminary Degrees
Master of Arts in Ministry Leadership
Master of Arts (Theological Studies)
Master of Divinity
Master of Arts in Spiritual Formation
Doctor of Ministry in Leadership and Spiritual Formation
Doctor of Ministry in Leadership in Emerging Culture
DBA/doctor of business administration/doctorate
DMin/doctor of ministry/doctorate
EdD/doctor of education/doctorate
MA/master of arts, master's [degree]
MAT/master of arts in teaching [degree]
MATS/master of arts (theological studies)
MBA/master of business administration/master's [degree]
MDiv/master of divinity/master's [degree]
MEd/master of education/master's [degree]
PsyD/doctor of psychology [degree]/doctorate/doctoral degree
graduate licenses and endorsements:
Continuing Administrator/Initial Superintendent License
Continuing Superintendent License
Continuing Teaching License
Initial Administrator License
Library Media Specialist
deity pronounsLowercase (he, him, his, thee, thou).The Bible itself supports lowercase usage in most translations.
deity titlesCapitalize. Examples: Christ, Father, God, Son, Holy Ghost, Holy Spirit, King of Kings, Lamb of God, the Logos/Word, the Lord, Prince of Peace, the Savior, Son of God, the Third Person (of the Trinity).
directionsLowercase north, south, etc., except when referring to a large geographic region (the North, the East Coast, the Midwest, Southern California). Retain periods in directional abbreviations: S.E., E.
doctoral(adj.) Use with the word degree: She earned her doctoral degree at George Fox University. See also "academic degrees" and "degrees conferred by GFU." doctorate
(noun) Do not add the word degree after doctorate: She earned her doctorate at George Fox University. Not doctorate of psychology degree. See also "academic degrees" and "degrees conferred by GFU."
Duke AtriumThe atrium in ESC is to be referred to as the Duke Atrium.
The employee e-newsletter. In italics.
Educational Foundations and Leadership (EDFL)Umbrella division for graduate-level educational licenses and endorsements, as well as the doctor of education and master of education degrees.
e-mail addressesGFU e-mail addresses in university publications should follow the following format for staff and faculty: First letter of first name followed by the first seven letters of last name. Exception: business cards include full last name.
emeritaA retired female professor may earn emerita status: Professor Emerita Jane Doe (capitalized preceding).
emeritusA retired male professor may earn emeritus status: John Doe, professor emeritus of math (lowercase after name). Plural is professors emeriti. GFU recently added the status of staff emeritus/emerita.
Empowering Leaders of Integrity Through Experience (ELITE)A national leadership conference a committee of students puts on each year for regional and GFU students. Students come from colleges throughout the West to attend lectures, tackle rope courses, etc., in order to develop their leadership skills.
English Language Institute (ELI)Program through which students can take ESL courses and develop cultural skills.
English as a Second Language ProgramCourses for international students to develop speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills in the English language in order to prepare them to enter into academic life at GFU. Capitalize formal name of program, but lowercase when used as a subject or course name. Abbreviate as ESL.
English to Speakers of Other Languages Program (ESOL)
Graduate program. Capitalize formal name of program, but lowercase when used as a subject or course name.
Online forum for employee and student news.
et al./et alii (and others)The period is needed when using the abbreviation.
Etiquette DinnerSee "Degrees-at-Work Etiquette Dinner," the full event name.
exempli gratia/e.g.This abbreviation is usually used in parenthetical phrases, where it is punctuated with periods and set off with commas (e.g., ).
facultiesPlural of faculty.
faculty memberUse when referring to an individual/group of individuals numbering less than the entire faculty.
FAFSAFree Application for Federal Student Aid
fall, fall semesterLowercase all seasons.
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA)Legislation which regulates the use of personal information and student
Family Weekend (annual event)A program held on the Newberg campus for parents and their GFU students.
First ReunionAnnual spring celebration program and dinner for traditional undergraduate seniors and their families.
FoxFilesThe Document Management System that provides the George Fox community with convenient Web access to computer files.
FoxholeStudent lounge located in the basement of the Student Union Building
FoxmailCommon term for Outlook, the university e-mail system.
FoxTALEThe university's Teaching and Learning Environment is the learning management system used by teachers and students to provide options for online classroom interaction.
FoxTrax (GFU library catalog)
freshman/freshmenUse freshman as an adjective.
Example: All freshman (Not freshmen) students receive computers.