Library terminology in Japanese

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abstract
概要
A summary or brief description of the content of another longer work.

Archives
アーカイブ
A space which houses historical or public records or the historical or public
records themselves.

Article
記事
A brief work on a topic that is usually published as part of a journal, magazine,
or newspaper.

Attachment
付属品
A separate file sent with an email message.

Authentication
証明
A security process that typically employs usernames and passwords to validate
the identity of users before allowing them access to certain information.

Author
著者
The person(s) or organization(s) that wrote or compiled a document.

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B
Bibliography
文献目録
A list containing citations to the resources used in writing a research paper or other
document.

Book

A relatively lengthy work, often on a single topic.

Boolean operator
ブール演算子
A word--such as AND, OR, or NOT--that commands a computer to combine search
terms. Helps to narrow (AND, NOT) or broaden (OR) searches.

Browser
ブール演算子
A software program that enables users to access Internet resources.

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C
Call number
請求番号
A group of letters and/or numbers that identifies a specific item in a library and
provides a way for organizing library holdings.

Catalog
カタログ
A database (either online or on paper cards) listing and describing the books,
journals, government documents, audiovisual and other materials held by a library.

CD
CD
An abbreviation for compact disc; it is used for storing digital information.

Check-out
チェックアウト
To borrow an item from a library for a fixed period of time in order to read, listen
to, or view it.

Circulation
循環
The place in the library, often a desk, where you check out, renew, and return
library materials.  You may also place a hold, report an item missing from the  
shelves, or pay late fees or fines there.

Citation
参照
A reference to a book, magazine or journal article, or other work containing all
the information necessary to identify and locate that work.

Controlled vocabulary
管理された用語
Standardized terms used in searching a specific database.

Copy card
コピーカード
A card that enables its user to print from a computer, or to make copies of a
document at a photocopy machine.

Course reserve
コースの予備
A selection of books, articles, videotapes, or other materials that instructors
want students to read or view for a particular course. Print reserve materials
are usually kept in one area of the library and circulate for only a short period
of time.

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D
Database
データベース
A collection of information stored in an electronic format that can be searched
by a computer.

Descriptor
ディスクリプター
A word that describes the subject of an article or book; used in many computer
databases.

Dissertation
論文
An extended written treatment of a subject (like a book) submitted by a
graduate student as a requirement for a doctorate.

Document delivery
文書の配信
A service that retrieves or photocopies information sources for library users.

Download
ダウンロード
1. To transfer information from a computer to a program or storage device
to be viewed at a later date. 2. To transfer information from one computer
to another computer using a modem.

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E
Ebook or electronic book
e 本
An electronic version of a book that can be read on a computer.

Editor
編集者
A person or group responsible for compiling the writings of others into a
single information source.

E-reserve or electronic reserve
電子予備
An electronic version of a course reserve that is read on a computer
screen.

Encyclopedia
百科事典
A work containing information on all branches of knowledge or treating
comprehensively a particular branch of knowledge (such as history or chemistry).

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F
Full-text
フルテキスト
A complete electronic copy of a resource, usually an article, viewed on a
computer display screen.  The term "full-text" is often used to refer to
the electronic version of an article or book that is also published in print.

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H
Hold
把握
A request by a user to a library that a book checked out to another person
be saved for that user when it is returned.

Holdings
保有物
The materials owned by a library.

Hyperlink
ハイパーリンク
An image or a portion of text which a Web user can click to jump to another
document or page.

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I
Icon
アイコン
A small symbol on a computer screen that represents a computer operation
or data file.

Index
索引
1. A list of names or topics--usually found at the end of a publication--that
directs you to the pages where those names or topics are discussed within
the publication.  2. A printed or electronic publication that provides references
to periodical articles or booksby their subject, author, or other search terms.

Interlibrary services/loan
相互貸借
A service that allows you to borrow materials from other libraries through your
loan services own library.  See also: Document delivery.

Internet
インターネット
A worldwide network of computer networks that allows for the transmission
and exchange of files.

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J
Journal
ジャーナル
A publication, issued on a regular basis, which contains scholarly research
published as articles, papers, research reports, or technical reports. See
also: Periodical

Journal title
ジャーナルタイトル
The name of a journal.

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K
Keyword
キーワード
A significant or memorable word or term in the title, abstract, or text of an
information resource that indicates its subject and is often used as a search term.

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L
Limits/limiters
限界
Options used in searching that restrict your results to only information resources
meeting certain other, non-subject-related, criteria. Limiting options vary by
database, but common options include limiting results to materials available
full-text in the database, to scholarly publications, to materials written in a
particular language, to materials available in a particular location, or to materials
published at a specific time.

Link
リンク
See: Hyperlink

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M
Magazine
雑誌
A publication, issued on a regular basis, containing popular articles, written and
illustrated in a less technical manner than the articles found in a journal.

Multimedia
マルチメディア
Any information resource that presents information using more than one media
(print, picture, audio, or video).

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N
Newspaper
新聞
A publication containing information about varied topics that are pertinent to general
information, a geographic area, or a specific subject matter (i.e. business, culture,
education). Often published daily.

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P
PDF
PDF
A file format developed by Adobe Acrobat® that allows files to be transmitted from
one computer to another while retaining their original appearance both on-screen
and when printed. An acronym for Portable Document Format.

Peer-reviewed journal
見直される同等者
Peer review is a process by which editors have experts in a field review books or
journal articles submitted for publication by the experts' peers. Peer review helps to ensure
the quality of an information source by publishing only works of proven validity,  
methodology, and quality. Peer-reviewed journals are also called refereed or
scholarly journals.

Periodical
定期刊行物
An information source published in multiple parts at regular intervals (daily, weekly,
monthly, biannually). Journals, magazines, and newspapers are all periodicals. See
also: Serial

Primary source
根本資料
An original record of events, such as a diary, a newspaper article, a public record, or
scientific documentation.

Print
印刷物
The written symbols of a language as portrayed on paper. Information sources may
be either print or electronic.

Proxy server
プロキシ・サーバ
An Internet server that acts as a "go-between" for a computer on a local network
(secure system) and the open Web. Often checks to determine "right of access" to
the secure environment and speeds up requests by caching frequently accessed
Web pages.

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R
Refereed journal
審判をされたジャーナル
See: Peer reviewed

Reference
参照
1. A service that helps people find needed information. 2. Sometimes "reference"
refers to reference collections, such as encyclopedias, indexes, handbooks,
directories, etc. 3. A citation to a work is also known as a reference.

Remote access

遠隔アクセス
The ability to log onto (or access) networked computer resources from a distant
location. Remote access makes available library databases to students researching
from home, office, or other locations outside the library.

Renewal
更新
A lengthening of the loan period for library materials.

Reserve
予備 
1. A service providing special, often short-term, access to course-related materials
(book or article readings, lecture notes, sample tests) or to other materials (CD-
ROMs, audio-visual materials, current newspapers or magazines). 2. Also the
physical location--often a service desk or room--within a library where materials on
reserve are kept. Materials can also be made available electronically. See also:
Course reserveElectronic reserve

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S
Scholarly
学者的
See: Peer reviewed

Search statement
キーワードor フリーワード
Words entered into the search box of a database or search engine or search query when looking for information. Words relating to an information source's author, editor, title, subject heading or keyword serve as search terms. Search terms can be combined by using Boolean operators and can also be used with limits/limiters.

Secondary sources
二次文献
Materials such as books and journal articles that analyze primary sources.
Secondary sources usually provide evaluation or interpretation of data or evidence
found in original research or documents such as historical manuscripts or memoirs.

Serial
連続
Publications such as journals, magazines and newspapers that are generally
published multiple times per year, month, or week. Serials usually have number
volumes and issues. The words journal, magazine, periodical, and serial may be
used interchangeably.

Software
ソフトウェア
The programs installed on and used by the components of a computer system (or,
hardware).

Stacks
積み重ね
Shelves in the library where materials--typically books--are stored. Books in the
stacks are normally arranged by call number. May be referred to as "book stacks."

Style manual

様式マニュアル
An information source providing guidelines for people who are writing research
papers. A style manual outlines specific formats for arranging research papers and
citing the sources that are used in writing the paper.

Subject heading
件名標目
Descriptions of an information source's content assigned to make finding
information easier. See also: Controlled vocabulary, Descriptor

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T
Thumb drive
親指ドライブ
A small portable device for storing computerized information. A thumb drive can
plug into the USB (Universal Serial Bus) port of any computer and store electronic
information.

Title
タイトル
The name of a book, article, or other information source.

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U
Upload
アップロード
To transfer information from a computer system or a personal computer to another
computer system or a larger computer system.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
URL
The unique address for a Web page which is used in citing it. A Uniform Resource Locater (URL) consists of the access protocol (http), the domain name (www.nmsu.edu), and often the path to a file or resource residing on that server.

User ID
ユーザ登録名
A number or name unique to a particular user of computerized resources. A user ID
must often be entered in order to access library resources remotely.

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W
Wireless
無線
The name given to any electronic device that sends messages through space via
electric or electromagnetic waves instead of via power cords.

World Wide Web
ワールド・ワイド・ウェブ
A network of information, as a part of the Internet, that includes text, graphics,
sounds, and moving images. Also know as the Web or WWW or W3. It incorporates
a variety of Internet tools into one method of access, such as the Web browser
Internet Explorer, Safari, or Firefox.

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Z
Zip drive/zip disk
ジッパードライブ
Devices used in the creation of compressed (or "zipped") electronic information.

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