Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a federal law that prohibits sex discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs and activities, including but not limited to athletic programs that receive federal funding. It states that "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1681). Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment, sexual assault and sexual violence.
We are committed to providing support, as well as assisting you in all aspects of reporting and responding to the situation. Ultimately, you have a choice in how the process goes and the steps you choose to take. We strongly encourage you to use confidential on-campus or off-campus resources, and/or file a report with the Title IX coordinator or deputy coordinators or with the Office of Student Life/Residence Life.
Contact information for reporting and available resources is listed on the "Know Your Options" and "Get Help" sections of this website. You may also choose to report the sexual assault to the police and/or go to a hospital emergency room to be seen by a sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE).
Any student who believes he or she has witnessed or been the victim of discrimination, discriminatory harassment, or sexual harassment, including any type of violence or sexual misconduct, is urged to report the matter to the Title IX coordinator or deputy coordinators or a residence life staff member (e.g., area coordinator).
George Fox University wants to eliminate barriers for students who may be hesitant to seek help or report an incident because they fear being held accountable for policy violations (e.g., drinking alcoholic beverages). To encourage reporting, we offer students who are accessing help for themselves or others conditional immunity from being charged with policy violations related to the particular incident. We may, however, provide elements of help, support and education.
On-campus resources that are completely confidential include the university pastors and counselors in the Health and Counseling Center. Beyond those important resources, George Fox University will make every effort reasonably possible to preserve the privacy of the individual who makes a report under the sexual misconduct policy and to protect the confidentiality of the information reported, subject to the “due process” rights of the respondent in a situation.
The degree to which confidentiality can be protected, however, also depends on the university’s legal duty to respond to the information reported and the professional role of the person being consulted. As required by law and university policy, all disclosures to any George Fox employee (except a university pastor or counselor in the Health and Counseling Center) of an act of sexual misconduct are reported to the Title IX coordinator or deputy coordinator.
Any student, faculty or staff member, or applicant for admission who has concerns about sex discrimination, including but not limited to acts of sexual harassment, sexual assault or sexual violence, is encouraged to seek the assistance of one of the Title IX Coordinators identified above.
Contact a Title IX Coordinator if you:
- Wish to understand your options if you think that you may have encountered sex discrimination, sexual harassment, sexual assault or sexual violence;
- Learn of a situation that you feel may warrant an Institutional investigation;
- Need help on how to handle a situation in which you are indirectly affected;
- Want information about possible informal remedies or administrative measures to de-escalate or alleviate a difficult situation; or
- Have questions about George Fox University’s policies and procedures.
All persons are absolutely prohibited (by law and university policy) from taking any retaliatory action against any other member of the university community, including but not limited to, the complainant, respondent, or witnesses to an alleged incident of sexual misconduct. George Fox will take strong responsive action if retaliation occurs.
The Lead Title IX Coordinator is responsible for implementing and monitoring Title IX compliance on behalf of George Fox University. This includes coordination of training, education, communications and administration of the complaint and grievance procedures for the handling of suspected or alleged violations of Title IX.
The Deputy Title IX Coordinators are also responsible for implementing and monitoring Title IX compliance at George Fox University and for notifying the Lead Title IX Coordinator of any alleged or suspected violations of Title IX and the resolution of such alleged or suspected violations, regardless of whether a grievance is submitted. Deputy Coordinators may also be assigned as investigators or hearing officers as needed.
Sexual harassment is unwanted sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other visual, verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when:
- Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment or academic status;
- Submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual influences employment or academic status decisions affecting that individual; or
- Such conduct has the purpose or effect of interfering with an individual's work, academic performance, student life or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work, academic, or student life environment.
Sexual assault is any nonconsensual sexual contact or intercourse, whether it is unforced or forced. This includes any contact with intimate body parts of an individual. It is also penetration, however slight, of any intimate body part with a body part or an object
Consent is explicit, informed, voluntary and mutually understandable communication to willingly participate in specific sexual activity without pressure, threats, coercion, force or intimidation. Either person must also be able to withdraw consent and cease any sexual activity at any time. A current relationship, having previous sexual encounters, or silence from the individual may not be taken as an indication of consent. Similarly, a passive response or sexual advances that are not resisted physically or verbally do not constitute consent. Someone who is not of legal age, has a mental disorder, or is physically or mentally incapacitated may not give consent. The use of alcohol or drugs may render an individual incapable of giving consent due to impaired judgment and the inability to make decisions or communicate intentions. Consent may not be given by someone who is unconscious or unaware, or for any reason is unable to communicate her/his intentions.
Domestic violence (as defined by the Violence Against Women Act) is the use of physical, sexual or emotional abuse or threats to control another person who is a current or former spouse or other intimate partner, such as a boyfriend or girlfriend. It includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies, or by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.
Dating violence is violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of: (1) the length of the relationship, (2) the type of the relationship, and (3) the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. Dating violence is a pattern of assaultive and controlling behaviors that one person uses against another in order to gain or maintain power and control in the relationship. The abuser intentionally behaves in ways that cause fear, degradation and humiliation to control the other person. Forms of abuse can be physical, verbal, sexual, emotional and psychological.
Stalking is engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to: (1) fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or (2) suffer substantial emotional distress.
Unwelcomed or unwanted attention may not always reach the level of stalking, but could include repetitive communication and/or behaviors that can make an individual feel uncomfortable to some degree.
Sexual exploitation occurs when a student takes non-consensual or abusive sexual advantage of another for his/her own advantage or benefit, or to the benefit or advantage of anyone other than the one being exploited, and the behavior does not otherwise constitute one of the other sexual misconduct offenses.