Application Requirements


The George Fox Master of Medical Science (PA) program’s application cycle will open at the end of April 2020, and run through Aug. 31, 2020, via the Central Application Service for PA (CASPA). The first cohort will matriculate in January 2021. CASPA is an online application clearing house located at

As of March 2019, the cost for a CASPA application was $179 for the first program you apply to. If you submit to other programs before the first e-delivery of your application, each additional program is $45. If you submit to other programs after the first e-delivery of your application, each additional program is $52.

As a general rule, CASPA does not refund application fees. Information related to CASPA fees can be found at this link. The link between the George Fox MMSc program, CASPA and student candidates will be managed by the MMSc program’s admissions coordinator.

Admission Requirements

Applicants are evaluated on multiple criteria to include overall academic aptitude, pre-requisite course aptitude, standardized testing score (GRE), paid health care experience, provider shadowing, and volunteerism. Additional detail on each is listed here.


All transcripts must be submitted and support completion of a bachelor’s degree and required science prerequisites.

Bachelor's Degree and Associated Academic Standards

A bachelor’s degree, from a U.S. regionally accredited institution, with a 3.0 cumulative GPA minimum (or B; B- is not acceptable) is required to matriculate. A candidate may apply prior to meeting this requirement provided they can complete it by Oct. 1 preceding matriculation. To do this, official transcripts (sealed) from the college or university (confirming the degree and cumulative 3.0 GPA) must be received by George Fox's MMSc program by Oct. 31 (preceding matriculation).

If a selected candidate does not meet this deadline, he or she will relinquish their seat. Upon written request, George Fox will consider an applicant whose cumulative GPA falls below 3.0 provided their last 60 semester hours of academic work produced a 3.3-or-higher GPA. Pre-requisites (see below) must still meet the 3.0- per-course requirement. Note: The average cumulative GPA for all programs in the U.S. is 3.49.

Prerequisite Courses and Associated Academic Standards

All prerequisite courses must be taken at a U.S. regionally accredited institution and EACH course must meet a minimum 3.0 GPA (or B; B- is not acceptable) requirement (prerequisite course completion recommended within last five to seven years). Applicants with up to one remaining prerequisites may apply provided they complete the course with a 3.0 or higher GPA – before the first day of October preceding matriculation.

If selected, official transcripts (sealed) from the college or university must be received by George Fox's MMSc program by Oct. 31 (preceding matriculation) or a selected candidate will relinquish his/her seat.

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology I & II - Lecture and Lab (8 semster hours) OR
  • Human Anatomy with Lab (4 semester hours) and Human Physiology (3 semeter hours) Note: Successful completion of the Special Operations Combat Medic Course meets the Anatomy and Physiology requirement.
  • General Biology with Lab (4 semester hours)
  • Other Biology (3 semester hours)
  • Microbiology (3 semester hours)
  • General Chemistry with Lab (4 semester hours)
  • Other Chemistry (3 semester hours)
  • Introductory to Psychology or higher (3 semester hours)
  • Statistics (3 semester hours)
  • Medical Terminology is highly recommended

Note: (1) All labs must be completed in person (no online labs are accepted). (2) Survey courses (100) do not meet prerequisite requirements.

Graduate Review Evaluation (GRE)

The GRE is required (within five years of the application date) for admission. There is no exception to this requirement. A good score (not excellent or outstanding) is 152 verbal reasoning, 153 quantitative reasoning, and a 4 in writing.

Paid health care experience

A minimum number of patient care hours are not required for admittance into the program. However, a point value for paid health care experience is added to the applicant's overall score. To receive points for paid health care experience, it must be from a paid position(s) and not volunteer work or an academic internship.  To help clarify, the following is provided.

Common, Competitive, Direct Patient Care Experience Examples

  • Military (medic, corpsman, pararescueman, SERE specialist)
  • Emergency medicine (EMT, paramedic, ER technician)
  • Nursing (registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, certified nursing asst)
  • Respiratory therapist
  • Medical assistant, Community health aid/practitioner

Other Acceptable Allied Health Experience Examples

  • Mental health practitioner
  • Laboratory/medical technician
  • Radiology technician
  • Clinical research
  • Chiropractor
  • Emergency room or clinical scribe

 Positions NOT Meeting Direct Patient Care Prerequisite

  • Medical billing
  • Medical records
  • Medical interpretation
  • Medical transcriptionist
  • Patient scheduler
  • Anything considered administrative in nature

Shadowing and volunteerism

A minimum number of PA shadowing or volunteer hours are not required for admittance into the program. However, a point value for provider (PA/MD/DO) shadowing and volunteerism (mission work, soup kitchen, big brothers/sisters, etc.), is added to the applicant's overall score. Military veterans (with a DD214 showing honorable discharge) will receive the maximum point value for shadowing and volunteerism.

Letters of recommendation

Three letters of recommendation are required (each from a professional source; they should not be from a relation or close family friend).


An applicant whose native language is not English and who does not have a full year (two semesters) of composition or its equivalent in English studies must demonstrate skills in English understanding and use. Recent scores on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) normally suffice. TOEFL scores should be submitted with the CASPA application. Satisfactory scores are based on the testing format and include:

  • Internet-based TOEFL: Score of 100 with a minimum score of 20 on each section
  • A total score of 600 on the paper TOEFL, with a score of 55 on the Listening Comprehension
  • A total score of 250 on the computer-based TOEFL
  • A level 112 from the ELS Language Centers or other recognized evidence may be considered satisfactory, pending the Admissions Committee approval

Special Considerations

All George Fox graduates who meet the MMSc program’s admission requirements will be invited for an interview.  To be considered, however, an application must be received on or before August 30 of the application cycle. An invitation to interview, however, does not guarantee admittance to the program.

All military veterans (veterans must produce a DD214 showing an honorable discharge) who meet the MMSc program’s admission requirements will be invited for an interview.  To be considered, however, an application must be received on or before August 30 of the application cycle.  An invitation to interview, however, does not guarantee admittance to the program. In addition, they will receive the full point value for the volunteerism portion of the pre-screen scoring matrix.

Advance Placement Policy

All George Fox courses must be taken as part of the PA cohort, and no advanced placement options are available.

Interview and Selection

Application Review

Each of the items on the applicant spreadsheet will be given a weighted point value (based on preset objective criteria) and the combined score will be used to rank candidates for interview (pre-screen matrix). The higher your score, the better your odds of being interviewed.  For example:

  • Cummulative GPA scoring ranges from 10 points for a 3.0 GPA up to 25 points for a 3.7 or higher GPA.
  • Science apptitude (combined courses; must have 3.0 in each) scoring ranges from 15 points for a 3.0 GPA up to 30 points for a 3.7 or higher GPA.
  • Although there is no minimum GRE requirement to apply, scoring ranges start at 0 for a score below 153 (verbal), below 152 (quantatative) and 0 for writing of 3 or below.  The highest GRE score available is 2 for a verbal score of 165 or higher, 2 for a quantative score of 165 or higher and 1 for a writing score of 5 to 6.  The total GRE potential value is 5 points.
  • Note, letters of recommendation are required and are reviewed, but no point value is applied to this item.
  • Finally, paid health care experience, although not required has an assigned value in our application.  A value of 5 points is assigned for 250 to 1,000 hours; 10 points for 1,001 to 2,000 hours; and 15 points for over 2,000 hours. 

Pre-Screen Scoring Matrix

The George Fox MMSc admissions committee will review all applicants meeting minimum requirements and either (1) invited to interview, (2) put on hold, or (3) deny an interview. Applicant scoring is based on the following (the national average of the PA applicant is provided for reference only):

Item Minimum Requirements National Average/Goal Your Results Potential Points
Bachelor's Degree 3.0 Cumulative GPA 3.56 Cumulative GPA 25
Science Aptitude
  • Anatomy and Physiology with lab I
  • Anatomy and Physiology with lab II
  • General Biology with Lab
  • Other Biology
  • Microbiology
  • General Chemistry with Lab
  • Other Chemistry
  • Introduction to Psychology
  • Statistics
3.0 Minimum/Course
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
  • 3.0 GPA
Combined 3.51 GPA 30
Graduate Record Evaluation (GRE)
  • Verbal Reasoning
  • Quantitative Reasoning
  • Writing

  • No Minimum
  • No Minimum
  • No Minimum

  • 152
  • 153
  • 4
Paid Health Care Experience No Minimum 4,019 Hours 15
Provider Shadowing and Volunteerism No Minimum 618 Hours 25

Interview Timeline

Interviews will begin in June and continue until the class is full or Oct. 31, whichever comes first. By using this approach, it is possible to fill all available seats prior to the Oct. 31 date. Therefore, it is to your advantage to submit a completed application as early in the process as possible. The longer you wait to submit an application (even though prior to the deadline), the greater your risk that no class seats will be available, or that only a few will remain. Once the class is full, remaining applications will be evaluated for an alternates list.

Interview Process

An invitation to interview does not guarantee acceptance into the program. The George Fox program uses a rolling admissions process. Therefore, applicants who qualify for an interview may be invited to the next available scheduled interview date. Program faculty (program director, medical director and principal faculty), adjunct faculty, and local physicians, PAs, and health care workers will make up the interview team. Each will be trained on the interview process before the interview date and briefed on the scoring criteria before each interview session begins.

The interview day will begin with introductions, pictures and expectations for the day. Next, applicants will be evaluated via a series of short, carefully timed interview stations and one essay station. In general, each of these encounters will assess the candidate’s character, communication skills, professionalism, and adaptability. 

Candidate Selection

Candidate scores from the interview process will be totaled and posted on a Post-Interview Matrix and applicants ranked in order of score. Next, the pre-screen matrix and post screen matrix will be provided to the George Fox selection committee for discussion. The committee may select up to 50% of the program’s open seats on the day of the interview (up to 100% once only six seats remain). The remaining will be set aside and reviewed again during each subsequent interview session. During each applicant review process (to include the initial review) applicants will be placed in one of three categories:

  • Admit now. These candidates will receive a formal offer for a seat in the program within four weeks of completing the interview.
  • Alternate list (wait list). These candidates will be formally notified, by email, within four weeks of completing the interview. Each wait-listed candidate will be reviewed during each subsequent interview session. At that time, their status will be updated to (1) admit now, (2) continue wait list, or (3) declined.
  • Declined. These individuals will be notified within four weeks of the interview process.

Letters of acceptance may have conditions to matriculate. In this situation, the offer and conditions of acceptance will be detailed in the letter. An example would be acceptance of a student who must complete a required prerequisite course by Oct. 1 (verified by Oct. 31) prior to matriculating into the program. In this case, their acceptance would be pending successful completion of the prerequisite course. For details on what is required, see "Post Acceptance Requirements" below.

Conflict of Interest

Faculty members must use their professional integrity and excuse themselves from interviewing, ranking, or selecting candidates with whom they have a significant relationship. This may include but is not limited to: family members, friends, family friends, acquaintances of individuals they know well, and those whom they have established professional relationships with in other settings.

Technical Standards for Enrollment

Students admitted to the George Fox University Master of Medical Science Program must possess the capacity to complete the entire curriculum. Technical standards for the curriculum must support skills in (1) observation, (2) communication, (3) motor, (4) intellect, and (5) behavioral and social. Therefore, all students admitted to the MMSc program must possess the following:


The candidate must be able to:

  • Observe demonstrations, visual presentations in lectures and laboratories, laboratory evidence and microbiologic cultures, microscopic studies of microorganisms and tissues in normal and pathologic states
  • Observe a patient accurately at a distance and close at hand
  • Use the sense of vision, somatic sensation, and smell as part of the observation process


A candidate should be able to:

  • Communicate effectively and sensitively with patients and families
  • Communicate effectively and efficiently in oral and written forms with all members of the healthcare team
  • Be able to speak, hear, and observe patients in order to elicit information, perceive nonverbal communications, and describe changes in mood, activity, and posture
  • Utilize speech, reading, writing, and computers as part of the communication process. In addition, candidates must possess the skills necessary to communicate effectively in small- and large-group discussions


Candidates must have sufficient motor skills and coordination to:

  • Execute the movement required to provide patient care such as palpitation, auscultation, percussion, and other diagnostic maneuvers
  • Execute movements required to provide general care and emergency treatment to patients. These skills require coordination of gross and fine muscular movement, equilibrium, and sensation.
  • Manipulate equipment and instruments necessary to perform basic laboratory tests and procedures required to attain curricular goals (e.g. needles, stethoscope, ophthalmoscope, tongue blades, intravenous equipment, gynecologic speculum, and scalpel)
  • Transport them from one location to another in a timely fashion in order to facilitate patient care responsibilities and receive educational training

Intellectual-Conceptual, Integrative and Quantitative Abilities

Candidates must be able to:

  • Comprehend three-dimensional relationships and the spatial relationship of structures
  • Collect, organize, prioritize, analyze and assimilate large amounts of technically detailed and complex information within a limited time frame. This information will be presented in a variety of educational settings, including lectures, small-group discussions and individual clinical settings.
  • Analyze, integrate and apply information appropriately for problem-solving and decision-making

Behavioral and Social Attributes

Candidates must have:

  • Emotional health, maturity, sensitivity, intellectual ability, and good judgment needed to complete all responsibilities associated with the diagnosis and care of patients
  • The ability to tolerate physical, mental and emotional stress associated with training and the profession
  • Qualities of adaptability, flexibility and be able to function in the face of uncertainty
  • A high level of compassion for others, motivation to serve, integrity, and a consciousness of social values
  • Sufficient interpersonal skills to interact positively with people from all levels of society, all ethnic backgrounds, and all belief systems
  • The ability to accept criticism and respond by appropriate modification of behavior

In the event an applicant is unable to fulfill these technical standards prior to or any time after admission, with or without reasonable accommodation, the student will not be allowed to enter or progress within the program.

Student Employment

Although not a technical standard, student employment during enrollment in the MMSc-PA program is strongly discouraged.  The program does not make exceptions or alterations to required course work, scheduling, or rotation assignments for individual students due to employment.  Employment status while in the program will not be used to excuse absence from scheduled learning activities, justify poor performance, or be considered as a mitigating factor when assessing students' academic and professional progress. 

Post Selection Requirements

Non-Refundable Deposit

Candidates who accept a seat must pay a $1,000 non-refundable deposit within two weeks of notification of acceptance in order to hold their place in the cohort. This deposit will be applied toward first semester tuition costs. Accepted candidates who do not pay the $1,000 deposit within the required time frame (two weeks) forfeit their seat

Post-Selection Requirements

Once accepted into the George Fox MMSc program, the following conditions must be completed by Nov. 30, 2020, in order to matriculate into the program. Candidates who fail to complete these requirements by the deadline will relinquish his/her seat and it will be offered to an alternate. These requirements will be coordinated by the George Fox admission team and handled by an outside vender that works with the admissions director. Requirements include:

  • Background Search (estimated at $150 for each occurrence):
    • Criminal Activity
    • Sex Offender Registry
    • National Healthcare Fraud and Abuse
    • Residence History
    • Social Security Alerts
  • Twelve (12) Panel Urine Drug Screen (estimated at $41 for each occurrence)
  • Compliance Verification (estimated at $35 per occurrence)
    • Signed Technical Standards Form
    • Immunization Status Verification
    • Tuberculosis Screening Results
    • CPR Certification
    • Health Insurance Policy (showing current status)
    • Signed Release Form allowing George Fox to Provide Preceptors with Status or Results of Immunizations, TB Screening, Drug Screening, and Background Check
  • Mandatory HIPAA and OSHA Certification (estimated at $15 per year)

PANCE Results

Students who successfully complete the Master of Medical Science (PA) program will be eligible to become licensed through the PA National Certifying Exam (PANCE). The first cohort will test in the spring of 2023. Once results are available, they will be listed here.

Class Graduation Year Number of First Time Test Takers National First Time Taker Pass Rate for the Class Graduation Year
2022 Cohort 2022 ~26
2023 Cohort 2023 ~32
2024 Cohort 2024 ~36
2025 Cohort 2025 ~36
2026 Cohort 2026 ~36

Goal Attainment

In addition to its mission, values, and goals, the George Fox Master of Medical Science (PA) program has established graduate goals/benchmarks. Following graduation of the inaugural cohort (and annually thereafter), alumni will be surveyed to determine the program's goal attainment. George Fox will start gathering benchmark goal data in mid-2023. The following benchmarks will be measured.

PANCE Pass Rates (knowledge) When Assessed Desired Result
PANCE: First-Time Pass Rate First Year National Average
PANCE: Cumulative Pass rate Yearly National Average
PA Employment (Service)
George Fox Graduate PAs Employed in Oregon Yearly 41% (Data Based)
George Fox Graduate PAs Employed in Primary Care Practice (family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics) Yearly 36% (Data Based)
George Fox Graduate PAs Employed in Underserved Population or Area Yearly 8% (Data Based)
Leadership/Volunteerism (Compassion; Leadership)
George Fox Graduate PAs Involved in the Community (search and rescue, community emergency response team, volunteer fire department, free clinic volunteer, health center volunteer, etc.) Yearly 50% (Entry Goal)
George Fox Graduate PAs Serving in Areas Outside Local Community (one developing country medical mission a year) Yearly 50% (Entry Goal)
George Fox Graduate PAs in a Leadership Role in the PA Profession (leadership role in AAPA, NCCPA, state medical board, etc.) Yearly 25% (Entry Goal)

Admissions Handbook

Download the PA admissions handbook


Admissions Counselor


Cristina Schmitt

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