Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)

Overview

Our purpose is to provide a Christ-centered doctoral program for business educators who desire to steward their mind through rigorous study while committing to a learning community and integrating Christian values. 

This program equips students to research and teach a variety of business disciplines, with a unique focus on the integration of faith and ethics into teaching and practice. Students complete a business core, research core and education core (including a teaching practicum). In addition, they choose an accounting, management, or marketing concentration for in-depth study.

Courses are offered in hybrid and online formats all year round (spring, summer and fall semesters). Hybrid courses include an on-campus residency. Online courses are conducted entirely over the Internet. Students will spend three four-day residencies on the Newberg campus every year. Coursework can be completed in three years with the dissertation to follow. The program follows a cohort model for all core classes. Students who drop classes may be required to stop out of the program and join the next cohort.

Program Objectives

Educational Objectives

To enable students to:

  • Integrate faith, moral character and sound ethical reasoning into practice
  • Understand the important issues and trends facing organizations in an increasingly global society
  • Be equipped with the concepts, theories and methodologies that enable them to conduct organizational research
  • Develop academic research and scholarship, business research and strategy
Professional Objectives

To enable students to:

  • Lead organizational and societal change efforts
  • Understand the practice and theory of business, improving personal effectiveness by applying insights from a variety of academic disciplines
  • View business and academe from a variety of disciplinary and historical perspectives
  • Prepare students to become academics and business professionals
  • Acquire additional expertise in selected subject areas tailored to individual interests (marketing, leadership, nonprofit, enterprise development, crisis management, accounting)
  • Demonstrate effective instructional strategies and practices acquired through mastering management and marketing and accounting teaching and hands-on experience

Admission Requirements

Applicants seeking admission to the DBA program must have completed both their Bachelor’s and Master’s degree from a regionally accredited college or university with a minimum GPA of 3.0. Applicants must have five years of professional experience, or hold a full-time faculty position. In addition, applicants must submit the following documentation to be considered for admission:

  • Doctor of Business Administration online application and application fee
  • Resume/CV demonstrating appropriate professional experience
  • Completion of 3 short-answer essays
    • What goals and objectives do you have that you are hoping the DBA from George Fox will help you fulfill?
    • Why are you considering the degree at this time in your life?
    • What strengths and unique experiences will you bring to the program?
  • Three letters of reference
  • GMAT, GRE, or Peregrine Test Results
  • A sample of academic writing which demonstrates the applicant’s ability to gather, synthesize, organize, and evaluate research.
  • Evidence of completed prerequisites (at least one course in economics, accounting, and finance)
  • One official transcript from each college/university attended
  • Formal Interview
  • Additional International Student Requirements (if applicable)
    • A TOEFL score of 80 (Internet based) or IELTS 6.5 for non-native English speakers
    • Transcript Evaluations for any degrees earned outside the U.S.
    • Declaration of Finance and supporting financial documentation

Transfer Credit

Transfer of up to 6 hours of credit from accredited graduate schools beyond the master's degree is allowed toward the DBA program upon matriculation. Students must have earned a grade of B or better for a course to be considered for transfer. In addition, only courses taken elsewhere within 10 years of the date of matriculation to the DBA program will be considered for transfer. Potential transfer credit will be evaluated on a class-by-class basis by the program director and registrar's office. Transferability of credits earned at this institution and transferred to another is at the discretion of the receiving institution.

Residence Requirements

Of the 56 hours required for the DBA program, a minimum of 50 hours must be taken in resident study at George Fox University. All work leading to the DBA must be completed within seven years from the time of matriculation. Extension of this limit requires the approval of the College of Business faculty. However, only one such extension may be considered due to special circumstances, such as ill health. Reinstatement to the program after withdrawal requires Admissions Committee action and may subject the student to additional requirements for the degree.

Course Requirements

The Doctor of Business Administration program is generally four years in length with 56 semester hours of course work required as a minimum for graduation. Of those hours, 21 are in core business courses, 17 in doctoral research and dissertation, 9 in education and teaching, and 9 hours in an area of concentration.

Other Requirements

Students will be evaluated annually by program faculty to certify their ability to continue in the program.

Graduation Requirements

In order to graduate with the doctor of business administration degree students must:

    • Satisfactorily complete a minimum of 56 semester hours with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or above
    • Achieve no grade lower than a B- in all courses. If a grade lower than a B- is received in a designated course, that course must be retaken (for more specific information, please refer to the student handbook).
    • Successfully complete three written qualifying essays
    • Be admitted to candidacy for the degree
    • Submit an approved written doctoral dissertation
    • Successfully defend the written dissertation

Curriculum Plan

Complete the following:

This course enhances understanding of the relationship between Christian faith, spirituality and the study and teaching of business disciplines. Special focus on the integration of faith and learning, the relationship between religion and spirituality, vocation, and the application of theological and spiritual principles and practices in the workplace and classroom.
This course prepares students to teach and research management and leadership. Participants will survey the historical and theoretical foundations of these related fields and identify emerging trends in management and leadership studies and practice.
This course provides students with a foundation in the concepts and theories of marketing and marketing management. Participants will study marketing theory, market analysis, marketing mix strategy, strategic marketing, digital marketing, and measuring market performance.
This course provides a conceptual framework for the study and teaching of economics through a critical review of historical and current research. Analysis of the underlying philosophies that motivate and guide resource allocation decisions in different political and social systems.
This course provides students with a conceptual framework for the study and teaching of finance through a critical review and analysis of historical and current research. Examination of philosophies that underlie profitability and corporate health.
This course encourages and facilitates the study of major issues facing today's international managers. Theoretical underpinnings of international business will be covered (including international trade, foreign direct investment, foreign exchange markets, and monetary systems) as well as the practical applications and issues of international management (including strategy, structure, financing, and human resource management).
This course examines historical and contemporary research and theory in business and organizational ethics. Special focus on moral reasoning and the application of ethical perspectives to contemporary business issues as well as integration of ethics into instruction and training. Students will complete readings and assignments related to their management, marketing or accounting concentration.

Complete the following:

This course analyses and investigates current research in effective instructional methods and adult development as related to teaching in the college and university classroom.
This course examines contemporary trends and issues in American higher education designed to orient students to issues, ideas, and literature that constitute the study of higher education, with emphasis on underlying social and political issues that shape higher education and organizational change.

Choose one of the following:

Teaching/training experience supervised by a faculty member and on site supervisor. Can be completed at the student's workplace and taken over more than one semester. Must have permission of course coordinator.

Consulting experience supervised by a faculty member as well as an on-site supervisor.  Students will integrate content and skills from the doctoral program into a consulting setting.  Possible practicum placements include at a college or university or a community college; acting as a trainer in a business setting of your choice. Graded on a pass/fail basis.

Complete the following:

2 hours. This course is designed to orient students to the basics of research design, research methods, and scholarly writing. Course activities will include exercises in selecting research topics and designs and in writing using APA style. Participants will review and critique the research of others. Includes a residency period.
Students interact online to complete work begun in BUSD 710 and submit a final project.
This course introduces the basic issues of theory and method in qualitative research and provides a structured, supportive environment for learning the essential skills of qualitative research. These skills include negotiating a research relationship with those studied, developing research questions, conducting observations and/or interviews, confronting ethical issues, analyzing data, and communicating the results of research. Prerequisites: BUSD 710 & BUSD 711 Doctoral Research & Writing I & II
This course helps beginning researchers balance the competing demands of formal experimental and survey design principles with the ever-present practical constraints of the real world so that they can conduct quantitative research. Emphasis will be placed on formulating research questions, identifying relevant target populations, selecting respondents for study, and selecting appropriate measures. Prerequisites: BUSD 710 & BUSD 711 Doctoral Research & Writing I & II
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. College of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee.
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. College of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. College of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. College of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. College of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. College of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. School of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee
An extended examination and analysis of a significant research question in the student's area of concentration. The dissertation includes an introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion with recommendations. School of Business faculty must approve all dissertation proposals. Includes an oral defense before the student's faculty dissertation committee. Additional course fee required.

Students must maintain continuous enrollment in doctoral dissertation until completion. BUSD 815 is required for students who do not finish their disseratation research within the minimum 8 hours. BUSD 815 is repeatable until the dissertation is finished.

Designed as a continuing course for those who did not complete the doctoral dissertation in BUSD 801-808. Students are required to remain continuously enrolled through the dissertation process and register for a minimum of eight total hours of dissertation credit. Students who fail to complete their dissertations within the eight hours allotted will need to register for additional credit. Registration for this course is necessary to maintain continuous enrollment until the doctoral dissertation is complete.

Concentrations (select one)

Complete the following:

2 hours. Presentations and discussions of seminal literature dealing with the theory and practice of the accounting discipline. Includes the preparation and presentation of students’ original work. This first class helps students to see the width and breadth of the accounting literature and field. Some topics may include, agency accounting, behavioral accounting, forensic accounting, skepticism, agency theory, etc.
Students interact on line to complete work begun in BUSD 750 and submit a final project.
In-depth study of presuppositions and foundational ethical issues stemming from key philosophies of accounting. Includes exploration of students’ personal values and beliefs as well as the development of a theoretical framework of ethical decision-making that students will apply to a specific issue in accounting. Some areas of study may include epistemology, student’s approach to ethics, worldviews of accounting, justice theory in accounting, transparency in financial reporting, auditor’s role as public servant, accrual accounting, and revenue accounting.
Students interact on line to complete work begun in BUSD 753 and submit a final project.
This course focuses on in-depth analysis of an aspect of current accounting research or particular path of interest to the student. An area of research of accounting theory and practice within a specific area of the discipline that leads to the preparation of students’ original work will occur. This course will allow the students to build off of their first two courses and go deeper into their particular topic of interest. This course can assist in the creation of a literature review for the doctoral dissertation. Some topics may include positive theory of accounting, agency theory, audit theory, behavioral topics like skepticism, conservatism, etc., also things like SOX, the role of regulators, the historical roots of the profession, and it's conceptual roots in economic, finance, and managerial theory.

Complete the following:

This course surveys major theoretical perspectives required for understanding, researching, and developing organizations. Topics will include classical management theories, and organizational culture studies. Emphasis placed on understanding theories for the purpose of improving the design, culture, and effectiveness of modern organizations. Includes a residency period.
Students interact online to complete work begun in BUSD 730 and submit a final project.
This course focuses on aspects of human resources, human resource management, strategic human resource management, and specifically human resource development. Activities relating to these functions, including training and developing, organizational change, performance management, and organizational learning, will be researched and studied. Further, the implications of human resource development, such as leader/follower dyadic relationships, motivation, and variances in localization and globalization as they relate to high performance organizations, will also be investigated.
This course examines the theoretical foundations and major components of the strategic planning process in contemporary business and nonprofit organizations, including, for example, development of a strategic plan, mission statements, change management, and stakeholder analysis. Includes a residency period.
Students interact on line to complete work begun in BUSD 733 and submit a final project.

Complete the following:

This course examines research tools and techniques common in marketing, building on prior coursework in research methods. Students will study experimental design, qualitative techniques, and survey research methodology specific to the marketing context. The course will involve the design of a marketing research study and the critique of others' marketing research. Includes a residency period.
Students interact online to complete work begun in BUSD 740 and submit a final project.
This course explores current topics in marketing, and topics of special interest, that may include marketing for non-profits, cause marketing, social marketing, digital marketing, and the marketing of services. Students will select, research, and present a marketing topic of interest. Marketing faculty will present and discuss topics in their respective areas of expertise.
This course introduces students to behavioral science approaches to the study of consumers and firms, approaches derived from marketing, psychology, sociology, and social psychology. Consumer behavior topics include motivation and information processing, memory processes, attitude formation and change, consumer decision-making, on-line behavior, and the influence of culture on consumption.
Students interact on line to complete work begun in BUSD 746 and submit a final project.